What is 4K
Kabuhayan at Kaunlaran ng Kababayang Katutubo (4K) is a special program of the DA following the directives of the Former President Rodrigo Roa Duterte for an enhanced provision of assistance in the form of agricultural and fisheries related livelihood opportunities, investments through the provision of production and post-harvest machineries and equipment and various support services for the ICCs/IPs all over the country through targeted community needs-assessments. This Program will link the ICCs/IPs to credit facilities and crop insurance to ensure sustainability of the interventions. Moreover, capacity building in implementing livelihood and enterprise development programs and marketing assistance will be provided.
The Kabuhayan at Kaunlaran ng Kababayang Katutubo (4K) Program aims to develop the Ancestral Domains of the ICCs/IPs in order to improve its productivity by developing sustainable agricultural enterprises and profitability by increasing their income in consideration with their customs, traditions, values, beliefs and interests.
Specifically, it aims to achieve the following
- To capacitate the ICCs/IPs through community organizing, agricultural skills training and workshops to increase knowledge and productivity;
- To provide various agriculture and fishery assistance such as agriculture and fishery inputs, tools, machineries/equipment and facilities for production, post-harvest, processing and packaging to improve the economic condition of the ICCs/IPs in the country;
- To increase the number of ICCs/IPs farmers and fisherfolks with access to Department of Agriculture assets and services; and
- To improve the income of the ICCs/IPs through culturally responsive and environmentally sustainable livelihood activities.
Mission and Vision
Warrant and improve competitiveness of the IP farming community for increase productivity and income through agricultural- based enterprises and strong coordination, collaboration and cooperation of the IPs and other stakeholders.
ADs all over the country is envisioned to develop a competitive and self- sufficient ICC / IPs anchored on the appropriate and efficient utilization of its agricultural lands and resources through enterprising research and extension strategies, adaptable support services crops- livestock integration and public and private partnership.
The Social Preparation component of the 4K Program aims to strengthen the capacity of the ICCs/IPs partner-beneficiaries to sustainably able to manage their chosen agriculture livelihood and enterprises. The employment of the succeeding social preparation strategies, and conduct of social preparation activities are important in the consideration of the following:
1) for the Program to be familiar of the concrete conditions of the target ICCs/IPs;
2) ensuring that development interventions in the form of agriculture livelihood and enterprises in the ADs are based on the identified needs of the ICCs/IPs themselves;
3) providing the appropriate capacity development intervention to develop and/or enhance the technical capacity of the ICCs/IPs; and,
4) tap and mobilizing an enabling environment to assist the ICCs/IPs in their pursuit of own development in their area.
Production and Livelihood
The Production and Livelihood component of the Program entails the livelihood projects that would be given to the partner ICCs/IPs based on their identified needs. Technical assistance will be provided to ensure that the capability of partner ICCs/IPs in sustaining the livelihood packages provided. Machineries and equipment for pre- and post-production that will be used to improve farm practices and productivity are included in the package.
The 4K Project aims to generate more jobs within the community and improve agricultural productivity. Which in return provide sustainable agricultural development by means of community involvement that will be encouraged by the livelihood program.
Marketing and Enterprise Development
Corresponds to the program’s initiatives to help communities establish their own enterprises through establishing market linkages and providing technical assistance and logistic support.
Comprises of activities that are operational and preparatory in nature to ensure efficient and effective program implementation. It also includes monitoring and evaluation to draw relevant inputs to enhance practices and policies.
- The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines. Section 5, Article XII of the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines states that “[t]he State, subject to the provisions of [the] Constitution and national development policies and programs, shall protect the rights of indigenous cultural communities to their ancestral lands to ensure their economic, social, and cultural well-being”. Further, in Section 17, Article XIV, states that “[t]he State shall recognize, respect, and protect the rights of indigenous cultural communities to preserve and develop their cultures, traditions, and institutions. It shall consider these rights in the formulation of national plans and policies”.
- Republic Act No. 8435 otherwise known as the Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act (AFMA). Section 17(m) of the Republic Act No. 8435 otherwise known as the Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act identified the Indigenous Peoples, among others, as one of the special concerns to be considered in the formulation of the Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Plan (AFMP) that responds to Food security; Poverty alleviation and social equity; Income enhancement and profitability, especially for farmers and fisherfolk; Global competitiveness; and Sustainability.
- Republic Act No. 11321 otherwise known as the Sagip Saka Act. Under the declaration of Policy of the Republic Act No. 11321 otherwise known as the Sagip Saka Act that it is a declared policy of the State to “achieve sustainable modern agriculture and food security by helping the agricultural and fishing communities to reach their full potential, increasing farmers’ and fishermen’s incomes, and bridging gaps through public-private partnerships, thereby improving their quality of life.
- Republic Act No. 8371 otherwise known as the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (IPRA) provides for protection of, and bundle of rights of the Indigenous Cultural Communities/Indigenous Peoples on ownership, development, regulation, and management of Ancestral Domains, self-governance and empowerment, social justice and human rights, cultural integrity, among others. Specifically, under Section 7(b), Chapter III of the IPRA acknowledges the rights of the ICCs/IPs to “develop, control and use lands and territories traditionally occupied, owned, or used; to manage and conserve natural resources within the territories and uphold the responsibilities for future generations; to benefit and share the profits from allocation and utilization of the natural resources found therein; the right to negotiate the terms and conditions for the exploration of natural resources in the areas for the purpose of ensuring ecological, environmental protection and the conservation measures, pursuant to national and customary laws; the right to an informed and intelligent participation in the formulation and implementation of any project, government or private, that will affect or impact upon the ancestral domains and to receive just and fair compensation for any damages which they may sustain as a result of the project; and the right to effective measures by the government to prevent any interference with, alienation and encroachment upon these rights”.
- National Commission on Indigenous Peoples Commission en banc Resolution No. 08-083 Series of 2021. The NCIP Commission en banc Resolution No. 08-083-2021 entitled “Resolution Approving the Guidelines on the Validation and Assessment Process of Government Projects for the Delivery of Basic Services to be Undertaken Within or Affecting the Ancestral Domain/s” provides for the operating guidelines governing the processing of the Certification Precondition of Government Agencies’, including government-owned and controlled corporations (GOCCs) and Local Government Unit, programs, projects, and activities intended for the delivery of basic services including but not limited to health, education, infrastructure, and social welfare or livelihood projects or for promotion of economic and sustainable development, to be undertaken within of affecting ancestral domain/s.
- Department of Agriculture – National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (DA-NCIP) Joint Special Order No. 01 Series of 2020. DA-NCIP Joint Special Order No. 01 Series of 2021 entitled “Creation of the Department of Agriculture (DA) – National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) National Steering Committee (NSC) Agri-fisheries and Agribusiness Development” established for a strong partnership and collaboration between the DA and the NCIP in developing the agri-fisheries and agribusiness in the Ancestral Domains of the ICCs/IPs. The institutional collaboration is task, among others, to develop linkages and partnership with private sectors, civil society organizations and indigenous peoples (IP) groups in ancestral domains for collaborative projects as well as the mechanism to preserve IP culture in the convergence area.